Looking forward to 2016: How to deploy photovoltaic and wind power in the 13th Five-Year Plan?

Looking forward to 2016: How to deploy photovoltaic and wind power in the 13th Five-Year Plan?

(Summary description)2015, as the closing year of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", is also an unusual year in the history of China's new energy development.

Looking forward to 2016: How to deploy photovoltaic and wind power in the 13th Five-Year Plan?

(Summary description)2015, as the closing year of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", is also an unusual year in the history of China's new energy development.


2015, as the closing year of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", is also an unusual year in the history of China's new energy development. This year, the grid-connected wind power and photovoltaic installed capacity both stood at a new high point in the world; photovoltaic leader demonstration bases, solar thermal power generation, new energy micro-grids, photovoltaic poverty alleviation and other forms of new energy development were splendid. However, in the context of economic restructuring, speed-up shifting, new installed capacity and new highs, "abandoning wind" and "abandoning solar energy" have once again become an unbearable "growth pain" for new energy development. The "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" is an important period for comprehensively deepening reforms, promoting energy production and consumption revolution, and accelerating energy transition. China's new energy industry in the era of change needs to stand at a new starting point, seize opportunities, and achieve new breakthroughs. Five Highlights of China's New Energy Development in 2015 In 2015, the state further adjusted and improved the new energy industry policy, actively promoted innovation and demonstration of new energy, explored new ways of new energy development, and created a new situation in my country's new energy development. In 2015, the development of new energy in my country showed five highlights.

Highlight 1: PV grid-connected installed capacity has reached a new high. It is expected to surpass Germany and become the world's number one by the end of 2015

Since 2015, with the further increase of national support, the cost of photovoltaic power generation has decreased, the demand for photovoltaic power at home and abroad has been strong, and the investment in photovoltaic power plants has been enthusiastic. In the first three quarters of 2015, the total output value of my country's photovoltaic manufacturing industry exceeded 200 billion yuan, and the profitability of photovoltaic companies has improved significantly. The average gross profit margin of the top ten module companies exceeded 15%, and most companies turned losses into profits. Unit investment in photovoltaic power stations continues to decline, the price of photovoltaic modules has dropped below about 4 yuan/watt, the development and construction cost of photovoltaic power stations has dropped to about 6-7 yuan/watt, and the profitability of power stations has increased significantly. Almost all of the top 20 component manufacturers nationwide are involved in downstream power station development business. From January to September 2015, the cumulative installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation nationwide was 37.95 million kilowatts, a year-on-year increase of 161%. Among them, photovoltaic power plants were 31.7 million kilowatts, distributed photovoltaics were 6.25 million kilowatts, and the cumulative installed capacity was 9.9 million kilowatts. In September, in order to support the construction of photovoltaic power stations in new energy demonstration cities and green energy demonstration counties, the National Energy Administration increased the construction scale of photovoltaic power stations in some areas in 2015. So far, the construction scale of new photovoltaic power stations in 2015 issued by the National Energy Administration has reached 23.1 million kilowatts. According to preliminary calculations, by the end of 2015, my country’s installed photovoltaic power generation capacity exceeded 40 million kilowatts, and it is expected to surpass Germany to become the world’s largest photovoltaic power generation country.

Highlight 2: Start the construction of solar thermal power generation demonstration projects

Affected by factors such as resource conditions and the lack of an on-grid tariff policy for CSP benchmarking, China's CSP development is slow, and the domestic solar thermal power generation industry is still in its infancy. As of the end of 2014, China has built 6 experimental demonstration solar thermal power plants (systems) with an installed capacity of approximately 13,800 kilowatts; 18 solar thermal power stations with an installed capacity of 901,000 kilowatts have carried out preliminary work; the state has filed ( Approved) There are 12 solar thermal power plants under construction, with an installed capacity of 493,000 kilowatts. In order to expand the scale of the solar thermal power generation industry and cultivate system integrators, in September 2015, the National Energy Administration issued the "Notice on Organizing the Construction of Solar Thermal Power Generation Demonstration Projects" and decided to organize the construction of a batch of solar thermal power generation demonstration projects. Demonstration projects are mainly trough type and tower type, requiring a single unit capacity of no less than 50,000 kilowatts, and a heat storage device. The heat storage capacity should meet short-term cloud cover without stopping, and ensure that the rated power of the steam turbine is not less than 1 hour. According to the statistics of preliminary application results, a total of more than 100 projects have participated in the application, with a declared capacity of 8.83 million kilowatts, and finally about 1 million kilowatts of projects were selected.

Highlight 3: Photovoltaic leading demonstration base may open a new era of photovoltaic development in the central and eastern regions

In June 2015, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Energy Administration, and the Certification and Accreditation Administration jointly issued the "Opinions on Promoting the Application of Advanced Photovoltaic Technology Products and Industrial Upgrading", and proposed the implementation of the photovoltaic "leader" plan, including the construction of advanced technology photovoltaic power generation demonstration bases, new Technology application demonstration projects, etc., require projects to adopt advanced technology products. Shanxi Datong Coal Mining Subsidence Area National Advanced Technology Photovoltaic Demonstration Base has become the first approved photovoltaic leader demonstration project, and it is exploring a mode of combining photovoltaic power generation, new energy and treatment of coal mining subsidence areas. The planned construction scale of the demonstration base will be 1 million kilowatts in 2015 and 3 million kilowatts by 2030. Later, Baotou, Jining, and Yangquan will also prepare for declaration based on local characteristics, and are expected to become new photovoltaic leader demonstration bases, with a total declared scale of 5 million In addition, many cities in Jiangxi, Anhui, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, and Hebei are preparing for the declaration of the leader base. Relying on advanced technology photovoltaic demonstration bases, launching demonstrations of new technologies, new models, and new paths will bring new opportunities for the development of photovoltaic power generation in the central and eastern regions where land resources are relatively tight, and will improve the technical level of the photovoltaic industry, optimize the layout of photovoltaic power generation, and expand the central and eastern regions. The photovoltaic power generation application market is of great significance.

Highlight 4: New energy microgrid demonstration explores new operating modes and new business formats

In order to explore the establishment of an integrated local power system that accommodates the generation, transmission (distribution), storage and use of a high proportion of volatile renewable energy power, and explore new business operation models and new business formats for power energy services. In July 2015, the National Energy Administration issued the "Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Construction of New Energy Microgrid Demonstration Projects". There are two main types of new energy micro-grid demonstration projects. One is a networked micro-grid. The technical requirement is no more than 110 kV; the exchange power and time of the grid connection are controllable, and the ratio of the installed power of renewable energy to the peak load is greater than 500Ic; has a certain island operation capability. The second is an independent microgrid. The technical requirement is to supply power through the AC bus; the ratio of the installed power of renewable energy to the peak load is greater than 500Ic; the reliability of power supply is not lower than the level of similar regions. The biggest breakthrough of this new energy microgrid demonstration is: The maximum voltage level allowed for the microgrid is 110 kV, subverting the definition of microgrid at home and abroad. In the general environment of power system reform, the new energy micro-grid demonstration project may become a de facto pilot for opening the power distribution market before the policy is released.

Highlight 5: Pilot projects for photovoltaic poverty alleviation explore the win-win situation of expanding the photovoltaic application market and targeted poverty alleviation

Based on the experience of photovoltaic poverty alleviation pilot projects in Jinzhai County, Anhui Province, the National Energy Administration and the State Council’s Poverty Alleviation Office organized pilot projects for photovoltaic poverty alleviation in Hebei, Shanxi, Anhui, Gansu, Ningxia, and Qinghai. Each province selects 5 impoverished counties and adopts a village-based overall promotion. Photovoltaic poverty alleviation pilot projects mainly include household distributed photovoltaics, ground-based photovoltaic power plants based on barren hills and slopes and agricultural greenhouses. As of the end of September 2015, six provinces including Hebei and Anhui, which are pilot projects for photovoltaic poverty alleviation, and Chongqing, which are non-pilot provinces, have determined the implementation plan for photovoltaic poverty alleviation in 2015. The total scale exceeds 1.2 million kilowatts. From the perspective of the implementation of the pilot projects, Anhui The province’s photovoltaic poverty alleviation work is progressing rapidly. In terms of household photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects, 8763 households have been connected to the grid, each with 3 kilowatts, basically in Jinzhai County; in terms of village collective power station projects, 2 have been connected to the grid, each 60 The kilowatts are basically also in Jinzhai County; in terms of ground power stations, 100,000 kilowatts of photovoltaic poverty alleviation projects in Jinzhai and Lixin counties are initially scheduled to be put into operation by the end of 2015. Photovoltaic poverty alleviation is a new way of poverty alleviation. It can make full use of rural rooftop resources and barren slopes to develop distributed photovoltaics, which is conducive to increasing income and employment of people in poor areas, expanding the domestic photovoltaic application market, and improving rural energy conditions. It has been listed as poverty alleviation by the State Council Organize the 2015 “Top Ten Targeted Poverty Alleviation Projects”.

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